These informative articles discuss when or if to spay or neuter, recent developments, and current studies in canine cancer vaccines, epilepsy studies, heart-health studies, dysplasia, eye health, and avoiding health issues through proper breeding practices. All buyers need to familiarize themselves with the health of the breeding dogs, regardless of the breed.

In addition to the information below, every potential puppy buyer should be working with a reputable VCA breeder and confirm the breeder complies with the VCA Code of Ethics.

For more information, contact the following: